It’s difficult to emphasize the importance of information technology at work. This includes checking our email, analyzing numbers on our laptops, and organizing a conference over cloud-based software. What exactly are we talking about when discussing IT?
Information Technology Definition
is a 1958 Harvard Business Review article that introduced the phrase “information technology”. Harold J. Leavitt, and Thomas L. Whisler both defined information technology in a variety of ways.
- Techniques to speed up information processing
- Use of mathematical and statistical models in decision-making
- Computer programs that simulate higher-order thinking.
They wrote that although many aspects of the technology remain unknown, it seemed clear that it would quickly move into management, with a definite and far-reaching effect on managerial organizations.
Sixty-six years later, it is clear that Leavitt & Whisler had a great idea. Information technology is now a term that covers everything businesses use computers to do. Information technology includes the creation and administration of databases and communications networks, data security, information protection, and helping employees with problems with their mobile devices or computers.
Information Technology Examples
There are many career options in information technology. These range from small consulting firms to large multinational corporations to highly technical specialties to managerial ladders that require strong people skills. These are just a few of the possible routes that you could choose:
- Computer Specialist – This position requires a bachelor’s degree. It is a great fit for those who enjoy answering questions about computers and setting up equipment. This position requires a solid understanding of all types of software, including databases interface programs, environment tools development, and operating system software. According to BLS, the median annual salary for this position is $53,000. This field is growing faster than the average.
- Computer Systems Administrator – Most employers require a bachelor’s in computer-related fields. However, some employers may ask for an associate degree. These jobs are available to professionals with no prior experience. In 2018, the median salary was $82,000. This job involves daily tasks such as maintaining and backing up computer networks, troubleshooting problems, and backing up data. This job requires you to be able to use database management software as well as web platform development and network monitoring tools.
- Computer Network Architect – This position is a step on the ladder for network administrators and requires a bachelor’s degree along with previous experience in IT. This position is responsible for designing and building networks such as intranets and large-area networks (WANs). According to the BLS, the median pay for this type of work was $109,000. Network architects need to be familiar with a wide range of software systems including development environment software, administration tools, and operating system software. This job requires a human touch. Network architects might need to interact with customers, sales staff, and marketing personnel to address customer needs and ensure accounts are properly set up.
- Database Administrator – This rapidly-growing field protects and secures data like financial information and shipping records. These jobs can be found in highly specialized companies that offer services to other businesses or in data-intensive industries such as insurance. In 2018, the median salary for this job was $90,000. According to BLS. Employers expect applicants for these jobs to hold a bachelor’s in information- and computer-related disciplines. It is also useful to be familiar with database management software as well as operating system tools and development environment, web platform software, and tools for enterprise resource planning.
- Computer Systems Analyst – This job is also called system architect. It requires an understanding of both IT systems and business systems. The typical background is a bachelor’s in computer science or information science, although some people choose to work in business or liberal arts. A strong computer skill set is essential, including the ability to use programming tools, database management software, and development environment software. People involved in this job must also be able to use computer systems to solve business management problems such as inventory control, workflow, and production processes. Cloud computing will become more popular as more businesses adopt it. According to BLS, the median salary for this job was $88,000 in 2018.
- Information Security Analyst This job is one of IT’s fastest-growing, with a 32% expected to increase by 2028 according to BLS. These professionals protect company networks and systems against cyber attacks. This job requires a bachelor’s degree in computer science and some experience in IT. This field requires professionals to use both development environment tools and network monitoring, operating software, and security tools. According to BLS, the median salary for this job was $98,000.
This list shows that IT positions are high-paying and fast-growing careers. A bachelors is the first step to many of these positions. Computer science is mostly focused on software development and programming, while information technology studies the operations of computers and networks. Both can lead to a successful career. Students may choose to specialize in computer-related fields like cyber security or continue their education by earning a master’s in another related field. Interested in art trends? – Read this Art Trend post!